Nature Photography Techniques


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sunfish

New Member
Mar 26, 2005
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East of Singapore
#1
Saw this chinese poem about nature photography techniques, very interesting:bsmilie:

大景靠勤跑,睡前看氣象
正午沒好光,好光在晨昏
奇景重氣氛,雨霧不放過
天雨帶相機,傍晚等放晴
大底加慢片,腳架快門線
變焦易耀光,儘量用定焦
取下保護鏡,裝上遮光罩
腳架要鎖緊,預鎖反光鏡
風景測中灰,白加黑要減
長曝勤測光,上下包幾張
負片宜稍加,正片可略減
廣角重主題,長焦壓縮景
小光圈景深,全開糊背景
拍花側逆光,慢門顯動感
溪流宜長曝,綿綿又密密
見山尋側光,見水拍倒影
對焦對主題,水平要抓平
偏光去反光,漸變平反差
反差如過大,黑卡效果佳
長曝避車燈,岩石要潑濕
有雲天要多,無雲地為主
前景位關鍵,三分九宮格
人物增趣味,畫龍要點睛
觀景去雜物,拍前撿垃圾
 

eikin

Senior Member
Apr 27, 2004
10,193
0
0
東京 Tokyo
#7
大景靠勤跑,睡前看氣象
good sceneries are found through continued exploration, watch the weather before sleeping

正午沒好光,好光在晨昏
noon's lighting is not ideal, low sun gives good lighting

奇景重氣氛,雨霧不放過
mood is the key to unique sceneries, do not shun rain and fog

天雨帶相機,傍晚等放晴
bring your camera when it rains, wait for the fair evening

大底加慢片,腳架快門線
big format and slow exposure, tripod and cable release are must-haves

變焦易耀光,儘量用定焦
autofocus causes overexposure easily, as much as possible use single area focus

取下保護鏡,裝上遮光罩
after removing the protective filter, remember to put on the UV (or other light polarising) filter (???)

腳架要鎖緊,預鎖反光鏡
tripod must be firmly locked, and the position of reflector

風景測中灰,白加黑要減
meter the grey in sceneries, more whites and less blacks

長曝勤測光,上下包幾張
be diligent in measuring lighting level for long exposures, and take a few more frames

負片宜稍加,正片可略減
negatives can take slight over-exposure, positives can take slight under-exposure

廣角重主題,長焦壓縮景
wide angle requires strong subject/theme, narrow angle (long lens) compresses the scene

小光圈景深,全開糊背景
small aperture gives deep DOF, wide apertures causes bokeh

拍花側逆光,慢門顯動感
look for backlight when taking flora, slow shutter captures movement

溪流宜長曝,綿綿又密密
flowing water requires long exposure, to give the silky streams

見山尋側光,見水拍倒影
look for side light when taking mountains, look for reflections when taking water

對焦對主題,水平要抓平
focus on the right subject, watch the horizon line

偏光去反光,漸變平反差
watch out for lens flare with side light, watch out for contrast in changing lighting situation

反差如過大,黑卡效果佳
if contrast is high, black card is useful

長曝避車燈,岩石要潑濕
avoid car lights in long exposure, stones look good when wet

有雲天要多,無雲地為主
frame for more sky when there're more clouds, frame for more land when there're less clouds

前景位關鍵,三分九宮格
foreground is important, use the rule of thirds

人物增趣味,畫龍要點睛
human subjects add interest, sometimes they complete the sene

觀景去雜物,拍前撿垃圾
simplify the frame for landscape, always cleanup the scene of rubbish
 

catchlights

Moderator
Staff member
Sep 27, 2004
21,903
46
48
Punggol, Singapore
www.foto-u.com
#10
大景靠勤跑,睡前看氣象
good sceneries are found through continued exploration, watch the weather before sleeping

正午沒好光,好光在晨昏
noon's lighting is not ideal, low sun gives good lighting

奇景重氣氛,雨霧不放過
mood is the key to unique sceneries, do not shun rain and fog

天雨帶相機,傍晚等放晴
bring your camera when it rains, wait for the fair evening

大底加慢片,腳架快門線
big format and slow exposure, tripod and cable release are must-haves

變焦易耀光,儘量用定焦
autofocus causes overexposure easily, as much as possible use single area focus
Zoom lens causes flare easily, use prime lens

取下保護鏡,裝上遮光罩
after removing the protective filter, remember to put on the UV (or other light polarising) filter (???)
Remove UV filter and use lens hood only


腳架要鎖緊,預鎖反光鏡
tripod must be firmly locked, and the position of reflector
Use mirror lock up


風景測中灰,白加黑要減
meter the grey in sceneries, more whites and less blacks
Meter for the mid tone, white scene must increase exposure, dark scene must decrease
exposure.

長曝勤測光,上下包幾張
be diligent in measuring lighting level for long exposures, and take a few more frames
breacketing exposure

負片宜稍加,正片可略減
negatives can take slight over-exposure, positives can take slight under-exposure
negative, expose for the shadow area.
transparency, expose for the highlight


廣角重主題,長焦壓縮景
wide angle requires strong subject/theme, narrow angle (long lens) focus on details
Long lens will compress the
scene.

小光圈景深,全開糊背景
small aperture gives deep DOF, wide apertures causes bokeh

拍花側逆光,慢門顯動感
look for backlight when taking flora, slow shutter captures movement
side and baklight for
flora.

溪流宜長曝,綿綿又密密
flowing water requires long exposure, to give the silky streams

見山尋側光,見水拍倒影
look for side light when taking mountains, look for reflections when taking water

對焦對主題,水平要抓平
focus on the right subject, watch the horizon line

偏光去反光,漸變平反差
watch out for lens flare with side light, watch out for contrast in changing lighting situation
use polarizer to remove flare, gradual ND to cut contrast

反差如過大,黑卡效果佳
if contrast is high, black card is useful
if contrast is too high, black card is useful

長曝避車燈,岩石要潑濕
avoid car lights in long exposure, stones look good when wet

有雲天要多,無雲地為主
frame for more sky when there're more clouds, frame for more land when there're less clouds

前景位關鍵,三分九宮格
foreground is important, use the rule of thirds

人物增趣味,畫龍要點睛
human subjects add interest, sometimes they complete the sene

觀景去雜物,拍前撿垃圾
simplify the frame for landscape, always cleanup the scene of rubbish



eikin hope you don't mind.
 

eikin

Senior Member
Apr 27, 2004
10,193
0
0
東京 Tokyo
#11
catchlights said:
大景靠勤跑,睡前看氣象
good sceneries are found through continued exploration, watch the weather before sleeping

正午沒好光,好光在晨昏
noon's lighting is not ideal, low sun gives good lighting

奇景重氣氛,雨霧不放過
mood is the key to unique sceneries, do not shun rain and fog

天雨帶相機,傍晚等放晴
bring your camera when it rains, wait for the fair evening

大底加慢片,腳架快門線
big format and slow exposure, tripod and cable release are must-haves

變焦易耀光,儘量用定焦
autofocus causes overexposure easily, as much as possible use single area focus
autofocus causes flare easily, use prime lens

取下保護鏡,裝上遮光罩
after removing the protective filter, remember to put on the UV (or other light polarising) filter (???)
Remove UV filter and use lens hood only


腳架要鎖緊,預鎖反光鏡
tripod must be firmly locked, and the position of reflector
Use mirror lock up


風景測中灰,白加黑要減
meter the grey in sceneries, more whites and less blacks
Meter for the mid tone, white scene must increase exposure, dark scene must decrease
exposure.

長曝勤測光,上下包幾張
be diligent in measuring lighting level for long exposures, and take a few more frames
breacketing exposure

負片宜稍加,正片可略減
negatives can take slight over-exposure, positives can take slight under-exposure
negative, expose for the shadow area.
transparency, expose for the highlight


廣角重主題,長焦壓縮景
wide angle requires strong subject/theme, narrow angle (long lens) focus on details
Long lens will compress the
scene.

小光圈景深,全開糊背景
small aperture gives deep DOF, wide apertures causes bokeh

拍花側逆光,慢門顯動感
look for backlight when taking flora, slow shutter captures movement
side and baklight for
flora.

溪流宜長曝,綿綿又密密
flowing water requires long exposure, to give the silky streams

見山尋側光,見水拍倒影
look for side light when taking mountains, look for reflections when taking water

對焦對主題,水平要抓平
focus on the right subject, watch the horizon line

偏光去反光,漸變平反差
watch out for lens flare with side light, watch out for contrast in changing lighting situation
use polarizer to remove flare, gradual ND to cut contrast

反差如過大,黑卡效果佳
if contrast is high, black card is useful
if contrast is too high, black card is useful

長曝避車燈,岩石要潑濕
avoid car lights in long exposure, stones look good when wet

有雲天要多,無雲地為主
frame for more sky when there're more clouds, frame for more land when there're less clouds

前景位關鍵,三分九宮格
foreground is important, use the rule of thirds

人物增趣味,畫龍要點睛
human subjects add interest, sometimes they complete the sene

觀景去雜物,拍前撿垃圾
simplify the frame for landscape, always cleanup the scene of rubbish



eikin hope you don't mind.
:thumbsup:
 

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