but if you know the location well, you can. that's about it.
as for water, there is no constant, some nights, water is calm, some mornings water is rough; some places water always calm no matter what because of nature of water body and position of water body, hence less vulnerable to wind, etc. so many factors, you can hardly predict a constant universally.
Some people believe that sunrise tends to be warmer looking because there is more grit and dust load thrown into the atmosphere during the day and the resultant particulate atmosphere creates a warmer looking color in sunset than compared to sunrise.
But I have seen fair share of nice red sunrises too. Or probably the chances of me waking up in the morning at 630 am to shoot is less likely than me shooting a sunset.