Yes. Use the playback mode. Review your picture. There are 3 available options for you. 1st, only the picture will show, 2nd picture plus information will be shown. 3rd, the picture though smaller, has a histogram next to it. It will also show basic information as the 2nd one. I think the top right hand corner will give you the information of the directory and the picture number.
For example, if you are shooting in jpeg:
The 103 is the directory and 0369 is the total number of pictures you have taken so far.
If you are shooting in RAW (I shoot in RAW mode):
The 5102 is the total number of pictures taken.
Alternatively, the filename is also the picture number you have taken. Make sure in your menu you set to 'No' for Reset picture number.
I hope I didn't make this more confused than before.