Q5: If I want to use a musical composition for say a TV ad or TV drama series or movie film, can't I just deal with COMPASS (Composers & Authors Society of Singapore) and obtain rights from them directly for such usage.
A5: No you cannot. COMPASS essentially is a performance society. In other words, the licenses which it offers generally pertain only to PUBLIC PERFORMANCE and BROADCAST rights in respect of musical compositions. All other rights existing in musical compositions remains under the administration of the music publishers themselves. Therefore obtaining a license just from one party, for example COMPASS, does not automatically absolve you as the music user, from the responsibility of obtaining other rights from the music publishers.
It is important to remember and understand that different kinds of rights are involved depending on the nature of the music usage, e.g. ringtones, TV advertisements, movies, song books, cover version recordings or original sound recordings, etc. As such, depending on the manner of usage, you sometimes need to obtain clearances from COMPASS and/or MPS/music publishers, and/or the recording companies.
Remember this simple rule:-
COMPASS > Public Performance & Broadcast Rights in musical compositions.
Music Publishers > All other music rights (eg. Mechanical, print, reproduction, etc) in musical compositions.