Assume that a firm has $1,000,000 worth of assets, which are funded by $600,000 of debt and $400,000 of equity. Assume the return the firm can earn on its assets is 10% p.a. Calculate the available rate of return to equity holders of the firm.
Assume that a firm has $1,000,000 worth of assets, which are funded by $600,000 of debt and $400,000 of equity. Assume the return the firm can earn on its assets is 10% p.a. Calculate the available rate of return to equity holders of the firm.
is that all the information you have?
how about:
a) tax rate
b) interest rates on the debt
Have no real clue but as gotta wait up for someone, let me be helpless and try some geek speak..... So potential functions you could use in Excel and will need to calculate a schedule as well.....
IRR
XIRR
MIRR
Running for conservation and ACRES. Donate at http://www.acres.org.sg/donate.html
10% return on assets of $1,000,000 = $100,000
Rate of return to equity holders = 100,000/400,000 = 25%
Notice here that the rate of return to equity to equity holders is actually 25% instead of the 10% return on assets. This is because of leverage used in this instance i.e. the equity holders took up debt to invest more and earn more returns.
09 Oct 09 officially marks the date I become a canon convert.
hrm, but don't firms pay off the interest on their debts first, before passing on returns to equity holders?
that is the reason why i asked for that additional information, along with tax rates.
unless of course, you assume that debt is interest-free, and there are no taxes on revenue..
Haha... CS has become tution centre!
Tum podem extulit horridulum...日出東方﹐唯我不敗。
tax rate is not given, that is all though, so can assume there isn't
no wonder im into engineering...
and no wonder i can't make big bucks as well
Been a few years since I last revisited this. Hated Corporate Finance as wayyyyyyy too many formulas.
But something is missing.
ROE is normally calculated based on Net Income/Total equity. As with ROA is Net Income/Total Assets.
In this case, I will use the DuPont: ROE=ROA x Equity Mulitiplier = ROA x (1+Debt-Equity Ratio).
Unless Sprintist, you are asking about MM theory, then it is a whole new ball game.
Running for conservation and ACRES. Donate at http://www.acres.org.sg/donate.html
that was what i would have done too but the answer used the debt/equity ratio.
i'll now show it here maybe someone can help explain why
Debt/Equity ratio = $600,000/$400,000 = 1.5
Therefore, given WACC is 10%, it must be that the cost of debt is: WACC/(D/E ratio), and the cost of equity must be: WACC x (D/E ratio). Therefore:
cost of debt = 0.10/1.5 = 0.0666 = 6.66%
cost of equity = 0.10 x 1.5 = 0.15 = 15% (available rate of return to equity holders).
This is a question on how to calculate WACC. Based on the clues given in the question:-
(1) Assets = $1,000,000 which is financed by:-
Debt = $600,000
Equity = $400,000
(2) Return on assets = $100,000 (which is another word for saying return on total capital)
Capital as defined in financial terms (and not in layman's language) means Debt + Equity
(3) In other words, the question tells you that your WACC is 10%.
(4) You are now required to solve for the return on equity (or the question could also ask you to solve for the return on debt).
The formula for WACC is:-
WACC = [cost of debt x (debt/(debt + equity))] + [cost of equity x (equity/(debt + equity))]
Therefore,
Cost of Equity = WACC / (equity/debt) = 10% / 0.6667 = 15% and
Cost of Debt = WACC / (debt/equity) = 10% / 1.5 = 6.6667%
To cross-check your answers above:-
Total return = (return on debt x debt) + (return on equity x equity)
= (6.6667% x $600,000) + (15% x $400,000)
= $100,000
thanks for your reply and the further cross checking which my answer also did so.
pardon me but i have been trying to rearrange the formula since yesterday but i couldnt derive to simply Cost of Equity = WACC / (equity/debt)
the furthest i could get was Cost of Equity = [ WACC.(debt+equity) - cost of debt.Debt)] / [Equity]
that was what made me stuck..am i missing out any assumptions? hope you can show me the derivation if possible. Thanks!
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