I did my PSLE more than 20 years ago, and I think the method that was taught to me still works today. Don't think about algebra or model. Use trial and error. I am not joking.
Assume Jim has 20 sweets, after Jim ate 12, there will be 8 left. Then that means Jim has 8 x 7 = 56 chocolates.
Ken ate 18 chocolates. That means 38 left. If that is true, then there are 38/4 = 9.5 sweets. Fraction is okay. Just leave it for the moment. It is to help us to agar-agar the results.
Now assume Jim has 30 sweets, after Jim ate 12, there will be 18 left. Then that means there are 18 x 7 = 126 chocolates.
Ken ate 18 chocolates. That means 108 left. If that is true, then there are 108/4 = 27 sweets. Fraction is okay. Actually we are close to getting the correct estimate as 27 is very close to 30.
Now assume Jim has 32 sweets, after Jim ate 12, there will be 20 left. Then that means there are 20 x 7 = 140 chocolates.
Ken ate 18 chocolates. That means 122 left. If that is true, then there are 122/4 = 30.5 sweets. Fraction is okay. Actually we are even closer now to getting the correct estimate as 30.5 is very close to 32.
Now assume Jim has 34 sweets, after Jim ate 12, there will be 22 left. Then that means there are 22 x 7 = 154 chocolates.
Ken ate 18 chocolates. That means 136 left. If that is true, then there are 136/4 = 34 sweets. The result is the same as my assumption. So 34 is correct!
But since Jim and Ken each has 34 sweets, so there are 68 sweets total, and 154 x = 308 chocolates.
No need for simultaneous equation. Using this method may be even faster than using simultaneous eqn. Anyone need a PSLE maths tutor?
Yep, that's trial-and-error. (In fact, I did use this at my PSLE oh so many years ago).
Personally I've always preferred algebra, even as a kid.
Probably because I quite OCD when it comes to drawing boxes, so takes too much time.
it's what you make of life, not all these little things you hang on yourself, whether it's "university graduate" or "baker" or "big shot who drives nice car"..
the happiest person on earth, for all we know, might not even have a house over his head.
if you think bill gates is something, he didn't get there by being a school dropout. he got there by a combination of immeasurable factors.
using the dumbed down version of simultaneous equations,
after eating the sweets and chocolates,
jim had J sweets and J J J J J J J chocolates (ratio 1:7)
ken had K sweets and K K K K chocolates (ratio 1:4)
before jim ate 12 sweets and ken ate 18 chocolates,
jim had J+12 sweets and J J J J J J J chocolates
ken had K sweets and K K K K + 18 chocolates
since the sweets and chocolates were shared equally between jim and ken,
sweets: J+12 = K (ratio 1:1)
chocolates: J J J J J J J = K K K K + 18 (ratio 1:1)
replacing K with J+12 in the chocolates equation,
J J J J J J J = J+12 J+12 J+12 J+12 + 18
cancelling J J J J from both sides of the equation,
J J J = 12 + 12 + 12 + 12 + 18
J J J = 66
therefore J = 66/3 = 22.
since K = J+12,
K = 22+12 = 34
before sharing his sweets,
ken bought 2 x K sweets = 2 x 34 = 68 sweets -> answer.
if you still don't understand, then we need to find a simpler and clearer explanation of the math solution for you!
actually, maths is not really that difficult, much depends on how well the maths teacher can teach, in a clear, systematic and logical way that all the students can understand.
I doubt that primary 6 will know simultaneous equation or algebra, last time , now i do not know the current teaching.
Using Model unit is easier to understand
Haha, no problem, they just give everyone a better and better understanding to the method use. Which is good for everyone to guide their children, esp those preparing for PSLE next year.
just think of how much ur own education is helping you in your work right now. i feel that most of the time soft skills is more important, the rest can be taught and perfect through time in your work.
i for one, if i have a child, will concentrate more on his soft skills, teaching him the correct values of life and go through education without demanding him anything, than all these moe approved stuff which just grows you into another ministry approved puppet, or even fall into the path of suicide before then.
Solving this question only make sure that you are going to be working for ppl instead of being ur own boss.
Canon 40D|50mm|35mm|10-20mm|17-55mm|580 II