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Thread: clarification needed on exposure compensation

  1. #1

    Default clarification needed on exposure compensation

    hi guys!
    sorry about this question, but it's a term i can't seem to understand (or i might have).
    exposure compensation, let's say, i'm shooting at...
    f/4
    1/125
    ... and i dial in a -1EV
    doesn't that make my...
    aperture f/5.6/shutter speed 1/160?
    if thats the case, we can just adjust the aperture/shutter speed accordingly, dont we?
    or am i missing something here?

  2. #2

    Default Re: clarification needed on exposure compensation

    Quote Originally Posted by HTCahHTC View Post
    hi guys!
    sorry about this question, but it's a term i can't seem to understand (or i might have).
    exposure compensation, let's say, i'm shooting at...
    f/4
    1/125
    ... and i dial in a -1EV
    doesn't that make my...
    aperture f/5.6/shutter speed 1/160?
    if thats the case, we can just adjust the aperture/shutter speed accordingly, dont we?
    or am i missing something here?
    shld be either f/5.6 1/125 or f/4 1/250.

    u can adjust either if u using manual mode. if u using av or tv, u can only do that right?

  3. #3

    Default Re: clarification needed on exposure compensation

    Quote Originally Posted by flipfreak View Post
    shld be either f/5.6 1/125 or f/4 1/250.

    u can adjust either if u using manual mode. if u using av or tv, u can only do that right?
    haha. i'm just giving a rough idea here. i want to know the main purpose of exposure compensation function, even though it underexposed/overexposed can be adjusted through aperture/shutter speed.

  4. #4

    Default Re: clarification needed on exposure compensation

    Quote Originally Posted by HTCahHTC View Post
    haha. i'm just giving a rough idea here. i want to know the main purpose of exposure compensation function, even though it underexposed/overexposed can be adjusted through aperture/shutter speed.
    *faint*

    why don't you test it out with your camera?
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  5. #5
    Member luntut's Avatar
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    Default Re: clarification needed on exposure compensation

    one thing i learnt about EV compensation in one of my previous shoots:

    M mode, f/5.6, 1/125. 0EV.
    => too dark. i cannot increase f/ size cos i want it to be constant, cos i am using 70-300, shooting long range. i need to set at least 1/125 to freeze motion on stage. ISO cannot go higher cos noise will be increasingly unacceptable to me. so i boosted EV.

    M mode, f/5.6, 1/125, +2EV
    => brighter, but still not acceptable. ambience light is too low for a decently exposed picture. but stage motion is still freezed in each shot.

    M mode, f/5.6, 1/125, +5EV Max.
    => maxed out EV value. image became acceptably exposed. motion still freezed in each shot.

    Hence, i can only say that when i increased EV, it doesnt seem to increase aperture size since its already at its biggest at 300mm, no way it dropped shutter speed cos motion is stil frozen. so maybe increased ISO speed? but i doubt so, cos images came out pretty noiseless. D80 noise becomes unacceptable beyond 800. i was already at 800.

    2 cents of mine.
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  6. #6

    Default Re: clarification needed on exposure compensation

    Quote Originally Posted by Deadpoet View Post
    *faint*

    why don't you test it out with your camera?
    i'm sorry. i've already tested out, but came out with the conclusion above. hence, posting this question.

    Quote Originally Posted by luntut View Post
    one thing i learnt about EV compensation in one of my previous shoots:

    M mode, f/5.6, 1/125. 0EV.
    => too dark. i cannot increase f/ size cos i want it to be constant, cos i am using 70-300, shooting long range. i need to set at least 1/125 to freeze motion on stage. ISO cannot go higher cos noise will be increasingly unacceptable to me. so i boosted EV.

    M mode, f/5.6, 1/125, +2EV
    => brighter, but still not acceptable. ambience light is too low for a decently exposed picture. but stage motion is still freezed in each shot.

    M mode, f/5.6, 1/125, +5EV Max.
    => maxed out EV value. image became acceptably exposed. motion still freezed in each shot.

    Hence, i can only say that when i increased EV, it doesnt seem to increase aperture size since its already at its biggest at 300mm, no way it dropped shutter speed cos motion is stil frozen. so maybe increased ISO speed? but i doubt so, cos images came out pretty noiseless. D80 noise becomes unacceptable beyond 800. i was already at 800.

    2 cents of mine.
    hey. thanks alot! now i get it. thanks thanks.

  7. #7
    Moderator catchlights's Avatar
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    Default Re: clarification needed on exposure compensation

    exposure compensation,
    put in a simple term is you override what the camera meter suggested.
    if it is on auto exposure mode, it does affect the exposure.

    if it is on manual mode, it does affect the meter reading.
    Shoot to Live, Live to Shoot
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  8. #8
    Moderator catchlights's Avatar
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    Default Re: clarification needed on exposure compensation

    Quote Originally Posted by luntut View Post
    one thing i learnt about EV compensation in one of my previous shoots:

    M mode, f/5.6, 1/125. 0EV.
    => too dark. i cannot increase f/ size cos i want it to be constant, cos i am using 70-300, shooting long range. i need to set at least 1/125 to freeze motion on stage. ISO cannot go higher cos noise will be increasingly unacceptable to me. so i boosted EV.

    M mode, f/5.6, 1/125, +2EV
    => brighter, but still not acceptable. ambience light is too low for a decently exposed picture. but stage motion is still freezed in each shot.

    M mode, f/5.6, 1/125, +5EV Max.
    => maxed out EV value. image became acceptably exposed. motion still freezed in each shot.

    Hence, i can only say that when i increased EV, it doesnt seem to increase aperture size since its already at its biggest at 300mm, no way it dropped shutter speed cos motion is stil frozen. so maybe increased ISO speed? but i doubt so, cos images came out pretty noiseless. D80 noise becomes unacceptable beyond 800. i was already at 800.

    2 cents of mine.
    if you are shooting M mode, and the ISO, aperture and shutter are remain the same, how could you have three different exposures at the same situation??
    Shoot to Live, Live to Shoot
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  9. #9

    Default Re: clarification needed on exposure compensation

    Quote Originally Posted by catchlights View Post
    exposure compensation,
    put in a simple term is you override what the camera meter suggested.
    if it is on auto exposure mode, it does affect the exposure.

    if it is on manual mode, it does affect the meter reading.
    hey! thanks alot!
    but when i'm on Tv mode, and i compensate +1EV at settings f/5.6 1/125, the aperture changes itself to f/4 (or somewhere around there)?

  10. #10

    Default Re: clarification needed on exposure compensation

    Its how the camera algorithm is programmed to calculate the ideal settings. dont like it? then go manual.
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  11. #11

    Default Re: clarification needed on exposure compensation

    Quote Originally Posted by Reportage View Post
    Its how the camera algorithm is programmed to calculate the ideal settings. dont like it? then go manual.
    oh okay. thanks!

  12. #12
    Moderator catchlights's Avatar
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    Default Re: clarification needed on exposure compensation

    Quote Originally Posted by HTCahHTC View Post
    hey! thanks alot!
    but when i'm on Tv mode, and i compensate +1EV at settings f/5.6 1/125, the aperture changes itself to f/4 (or somewhere around there)?
    Canon term TV is Shutter priority, so the shutter speed remain constant, hence camera change the Aperture value to compensate the exposure.

    if you switch to AV (Aperture priority), the camera will change the shutter speed to compensate the exposure.
    Shoot to Live, Live to Shoot
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  13. #13

    Default Re: clarification needed on exposure compensation

    okay. thanks so much for clarifying! appreciate it!

  14. #14

    Default Re: clarification needed on exposure compensation

    Quote Originally Posted by luntut View Post
    one thing i learnt about EV compensation in one of my previous shoots:

    M mode, f/5.6, 1/125. 0EV.
    => too dark. i cannot increase f/ size cos i want it to be constant, cos i am using 70-300, shooting long range. i need to set at least 1/125 to freeze motion on stage. ISO cannot go higher cos noise will be increasingly unacceptable to me. so i boosted EV.

    M mode, f/5.6, 1/125, +2EV
    => brighter, but still not acceptable. ambience light is too low for a decently exposed picture. but stage motion is still freezed in each shot.

    M mode, f/5.6, 1/125, +5EV Max.
    => maxed out EV value. image became acceptably exposed. motion still freezed in each shot.

    Hence, i can only say that when i increased EV, it doesnt seem to increase aperture size since its already at its biggest at 300mm, no way it dropped shutter speed cos motion is stil frozen. so maybe increased ISO speed? but i doubt so, cos images came out pretty noiseless. D80 noise becomes unacceptable beyond 800. i was already at 800.

    2 cents of mine.
    Quote Originally Posted by catchlights View Post
    if you are shooting M mode, and the ISO, aperture and shutter are remain the same, how could you have three different exposures at the same situation??
    Yes, something has got to give. If you increase the EV while keeping aperture and shutter speed constant, ISO must go up.

    Setting the EV doesn't magically allow more/less light while aperture, shutter speed and ISO are constant. Just that if you set e.g +2EV, the exposure is increased by two stops but the camera still shows it to be metered correctly (the scale in the viewfinder).

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