When Old Major dies a mere three days later, two young boars - Snowball and Napoleon - assume command, and turn his dream into a full-fledged philosophy. The starved animals suddenly revolt one night and drive the farmer, Mr. Jones, his wife, and his pet raven, Moses, from the farm. The farm is then renamed "Animal Farm."
The Seven Commandments of the new philosophy of Animalism are written on the wall of a barn for all to read. The seventh and most important is "all animals are equal." All animals work, but the workhorse, Boxer, does more than his fair share and adopts a maxim of his own — "I will work harder."
Animal Farm begins well: Snowball teaches the other animals to read and write (though few animals besides the pigs learn to read well), food is plentiful due to a good harvest, and the entire farm is organized and running smoothly. Meanwhile, Napoleon secretively takes the pups from the farm dogs and trains them privately. When Mr. Jones tries to retake the farm, the animals defeat him at what they later call the "Battle of the Cowshed." However, Napoleon and Snowball begin a power struggle for leadership of the farm. When Snowball announces his idea for a windmill, Napoleon quickly opposes it. Just after Snowball makes a passionate and articulate speech in favour of the windmill, Napoleon summons his nine attack dogs, which burst in and chase Snowball off the farm. In Snowball's absence, Napoleon declares himself the leader of the farm and makes instant changes. He announces that meetings will no longer be held as before; a committee of pigs alone will decide what happens with the farm.
Screenshot from Animal Farm (1954 film)Napoleon then changes his mind about the windmill, claiming (through Squealer, Napoleon's mouthpiece) that Snowball stole the idea from him all along. The animals begin to work harder with the promise of easier lives with the windmill. After a violent storm, the animals wake to find the fruit of their months of labour utterly annihilated. Though neighboring farmers scoff at the thin walls, Napoleon and Squealer convince everyone that Snowball destroyed it. Only after Snowball became the scapegoat of the story did Napoleon begin to purge the farm, killing many animals he accuses of consorting with Snowball. In the meantime, Boxer takes a second mantra, "Napoleon is always right."
Napoleon begins to abuse his powers even more, and life on the farm becomes harder and harder for the rest of the animals; the pigs impose more and more controls on them while reserving privileges for themselves. The pigs rewrite history in a way that villainizes Snowball and glorifies Napoleon even further. (i.e stating that Snowball fought on the side of the humans in the Battle of the Cowshed, and that the wounds delivered to Snowball were caused when Napoleon bit him, when Snowball was actually hit by a pellet from Mr. Jones' gun.) Each step of this development is justified by the pig Squealer, who on several occasions alters the Seven Commandments on the barn in the dead of night to justify actions of the pigs — for example, "No animal shall drink alcohol" becomes "No animal shall drink alcohol to excess."
Last edited by Silence Sky; 11th April 2007 at 12:59 PM.
Animal Farm.... huh?
That was a nice book I studied in literature in class some 19 years ago. Think I might still have the book somewhere at home.
Arts - written, photography, dance, painting or any other medium of expressions reflect our innermost thoughts, feelings through these things.
Last edited by Silence Sky; 11th April 2007 at 01:14 PM.
and wonder what you want dumbledore to be...... SR nathan? high status yet can't do much due to political restrictions?
gosh. who says that harry potter isn't a singapore-influecned novel.