I am a complete newbie to good photography and chose to buy the F11 recently because it offered Apertuare and Shutter modes and would allow me to progress once i got past how to use the basic functions of the camera. I was just going through the F11 Manual recently and was confused by some definitions and reccommendations inside it.
For those with the F11 manual,
pg 32 states that
(I)<To Achieve this result> To make the subject stand out by having the area in front of and behind the subject out of focus.
<Sample Settings> Set the Photography mode to "A" and select a wide aperture setting.
(II)<To Achieve this result> To get a very large depth of focus.
<Sample Settings> Set the Photography mode to "A" and select a narrow aperture
A) At this point, my understanding is -> Area around subject blurs equals wide aperture or small depth of focus. Correct?
However, pg 43 states that:
<By adjusting the aperture, you can change the depth of focus (depth of field). (III)Selecting a larger number of aperture obtains a larger depth of focus.
(IV)Selecting a smaller number of aperture has the area in front of and behind the subject out of focus.>
There are two illustrations that state that a closed aperture results in <The area in front of and behind the subject is also in focus in the shot.> and an open aperture results in <The area in front of and behind the subject is out of focus.>
B) At this point, reading (III) and (IV) confuses me, as it seems to contradict both (I) and (II).
To get a picture where the area around subject blurs: (I) states that the user should use a wider aperture setting but (IV) states that to get the same effect, one should use a smaller aperture.
And to get a picture to get a large depth of focus, where everything is sharp and in focus, (II) states to use a narrow aperture setting, but (III) says to use a larger number of aperture.
C) So, is the manual wrong? Or is it normal to equal wide aperture = small aperture setting and for narrow aperture to = large aperture setting???
Can anyone properly define how to get a picture where the area around subject blurs, which extreme aperture setting (F11's F2.8 to F8 settings) should one use?