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Thread: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

  1. #21

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    Quote Originally Posted by daredevil123 View Post

    When handholding just try to maintain 1/focal length for shutter speed.

    Instead of practicing with no understanding, I would suggest you read up more or attend some courses to learn the basics, and then practicing with the correct knowledge.
    What does maintaining 1/focal length means?

  2. #22

    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Quote Originally Posted by iamseanism View Post
    What does maintaining 1/focal length means?
    means your shutter speed should be above your focal length.

    eg if your lens is a 50mm anything over 1/50 shouldn't have handshake

    anyway from your flickr can't tell that you don't know what you're doing.

  3. #23

    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    a lil writeup from me to understand exposure with analogy to filling a bucket of water..

    FarBird Photoblog: ISO, APERTURE, SHUTTER SPEEDS and EXPOSURE

  4. #24

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    Quote Originally Posted by eleveninth View Post

    means your shutter speed should be above your focal length.

    eg if your lens is a 50mm anything over 1/50 shouldn't have handshake

    anyway from your flickr can't tell that you don't know what you're doing.
    I seriously don't know.. I wouldn't be wasting everyone's time for this thread including mine =)
    I've learned abit here & there, I spent a lot of time post-processing thru LR + CS. But I'm trying to snap good photos now. I really need to learn these things... Maybe I'm like learning how to run before learning how to walk!

  5. #25

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    Quote Originally Posted by iamseanism View Post

    I seriously don't know.. I wouldn't be wasting everyone's time for this thread including mine =)
    I've learned abit here & there, I spent a lot of time post-processing thru LR + CS. But I'm trying to snap good photos now. I really need to learn these things... Maybe I'm like learning how to run before learning how to walk!
    Read the newbies stickies. Answers your questions.
    Alpha

  6. #26

    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    seriously?

    A mode for nite shots if you have full-frame equivalent F2 or faster lens , or for shallow (or deep) Depth of Field
    S mode for sports, shooting action, stopping action, pan, long exposure.

    P mode for learning on the dial. turn the main dial around to see what adjusting aperture does to the shutter time, etc . Take a photo and use M mode to go further.

    M mode for developing from P mode - you can adjust the exposure by setting the desired Aperture value seen in the previous shot, then adjusting shutter time longer (brighter image) or shortening shutter time (darker)

    Have fun
    Read your manual.
    宁愿遇见丢失幼崽的母熊,也不愿碰上做蠢事的愚人

  7. #27

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    Quote Originally Posted by Rashkae View Post

    Read the newbies stickies. Answers your questions.
    Okok. I'll read them all. Thank you guys, appreciate all the advise

  8. #28
    Moderator rhino123's Avatar
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    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Actually... there is no real golden rule to say which mode you should use for what type of photography. Although what others had already explained in previous comments, it was what people normally use. You just need to know what each mode was, Aperture Priority (set your aperture manually, while camera choose your shutter speed for you), Shutter Speed Priority (set your shutter speed manually while camera choose your aperture for you), Manual mode (set your shutter speed and aperture yourself). Auto-ISO - camera set your ISO for you automatically depending on the environment.

    It is the same when people say you need a small aperture for landscape shots... while it I true in most sense... but sometime you really don't need to... depending on the distance your subject was away from you... if you focus to infinity, then even at maximum aperture of say... f4, your subject will still be in focus... I hope what I say here made sense.

    Anyway, you would need more experimentation and read up more... then join some outings.
    I am not a photographer, just someone who happened to have a couple of cameras.
    My lousy shots

  9. #29

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    Yeap. I'll practice more and more. I just get a lil frustrated when shooting with the Pana 7-14mm, my photos ain't that sharp although I'm using tripod. That's why I don't really understand what went wrong. Just gotta shoot more. I literally shoot on all my Off days! I'm so hooked.

  10. #30
    Moderator rhino123's Avatar
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    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Quote Originally Posted by iamseanism View Post
    Yeap. I'll practice more and more. I just get a lil frustrated when shooting with the Pana 7-14mm, my photos ain't that sharp although I'm using tripod. That's why I don't really understand what went wrong. Just gotta shoot more. I literally shoot on all my Off days! I'm so hooked.
    Er... have you try to shoot static objects first to check whether your lens are calibrated to your camera? If you have a friend who own a 7-14mm, maybe you should borrow his and try to see if you get the same result. It might not be your fault.
    I am not a photographer, just someone who happened to have a couple of cameras.
    My lousy shots

  11. #31

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    Quote Originally Posted by rhino123 View Post

    Er... have you try to shoot static objects first to check whether your lens are calibrated to your camera? If you have a friend who own a 7-14mm, maybe you should borrow his and try to see if you get the same result. It might not be your fault.
    I rented it for fun. Hmmm..

  12. #32
    Moderator Octarine's Avatar
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    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Quote Originally Posted by iamseanism View Post
    Yeap. I'll practice more and more. I just get a lil frustrated when shooting with the Pana 7-14mm, my photos ain't that sharp although I'm using tripod. That's why I don't really understand what went wrong. Just gotta shoot more. I literally shoot on all my Off days! I'm so hooked.
    Posting one of those images could help to find the root cause of the problem. There are many possibilities ..
    EOS

  13. #33

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    Quote Originally Posted by Octarine View Post
    Posting one of those images could help to find the root cause of the problem. There are many possibilities ..
    I'm a noobie here, forum won't letme post!

  14. #34
    Senior Member edutilos-'s Avatar
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    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Everyone has their style of shooting.

    I personally don't find Program (P) mode very useful, but the name itself is pretty much self explanatory. It's basically Auto+ for me. Nonetheless it has its uses for sure..

    Keeping in mind the 3 parameters in photography:
    1) ISO - this affects amount of noise and also the speed of your sensor in capturing light.
    2) Aperture - this affects the depth of field (i.e. how much of the picture is in focus) as well as how much light your lens can capture during a given set of time.
    3) Shutter speed - this affects the time the shutter is open for and the amount of motion in your picture.

    The end goal in a photograph, when it comes to technicalities, is exposure. There is no right exposure but to get a certain exposure you will have many sets of ISO/aperture/shutter speed combinations. They all exert a relationship on each other. For example when you need to reduce the shutter speed while retaining the depth of field in a picture (perhaps because you can't get a good handheld sharp photo with existing shutter speed), you then keep aperture, reduce shutter speed and dial up ISO. So on and so forth. There's a wealth of information on this, go read up if you don't already know. Now with THAT in mind...

    M/Manual mode offers the most control as you can exercise discretion over every single setting. Useful when you need to fix the exposure, for example, if you're taking a set of images to stitch iThe downside is that you have to fiddle with more things. Not very useful for situations where you need to change the settings fast with less thinking, e.g. when shooting in constantly varying lighting conditions. In general, good for landscape photography.

    A/Aperture priority mode prioritizes the aperture. So your concern here is the amount of depth of field. The camera then selects the aperture speed for you, and you may or may not fill in the blanks for ISO speed... Useful for situations where your priority is shallow DOF for sure, e.g. portrait photography. Downside, less control. You're releasing more and more control to your camera meter, which can be fooled at times.

    S/Shutter speed priority prioritizes shutter speed. So your concern here is the amount of time the shutter is open for. The camera selects the aperture for you, and you may or may not fill in the blanks for ISO speed... Useful for situations where you need to capture something FAST, or if you don't think you can handhold above certain shutter speeds, e.g. sports photography. Downside is also less control.

    The above are just generalities and everyone's style is different. I know wedding photographers who prefer to use manual mode all the time despite the fact that they're in a fast paced environment with very tricky lighting situations, because these situations fool the camera meter too! I also know landscape photographers who use aperture priority because well, they just prefer it.

    What should you use? Just try la. Then you can answer the question yourself.
    Last edited by edutilos-; 3rd June 2013 at 10:38 PM.

  15. #35

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    Quote Originally Posted by edutilos- View Post
    Everyone has their style of shooting.

    I personally don't find Program (P) mode very useful, but the name itself is pretty much self explanatory. It's basically Auto+ for me. Nonetheless it has its uses for sure..

    Keeping in mind the 3 parameters in photography:
    1) ISO - this affects amount of noise and also the speed of your sensor in capturing light.
    2) Aperture - this affects the depth of field (i.e. how much of the picture is in focus) as well as how much light your lens can capture during a given set of time.
    3) Shutter speed - this affects the time the shutter is open for and the amount of motion in your picture.

    The end goal in a photograph, when it comes to technicalities, is exposure. There is no right exposure but to get a certain exposure you will have many sets of ISO/aperture/shutter speed combinations. They all exert a relationship on each other. For example when you need to reduce the shutter speed while retaining the depth of field in a picture (perhaps because you can't get a good handheld sharp photo with existing shutter speed), you then keep aperture, reduce shutter speed and dial up ISO. So on and so forth. There's a wealth of information on this, go read up if you don't already know. Now with THAT in mind...

    M/Manual mode offers the most control as you can exercise discretion over every single setting. Useful when you need to fix the exposure, for example, if you're taking a set of images to stitch iThe downside is that you have to fiddle with more things. Not very useful for situations where you need to change the settings fast with less thinking, e.g. when shooting in constantly varying lighting conditions. In general, good for landscape photography.

    A/Aperture priority mode prioritizes the aperture. So your concern here is the amount of depth of field. The camera then selects the aperture speed for you, and you may or may not fill in the blanks for ISO speed... Useful for situations where your priority is shallow DOF for sure, e.g. portrait photography. Downside, less control. You're releasing more and more control to your camera meter, which can be fooled at times.

    S/Shutter speed priority prioritizes shutter speed. So your concern here is the amount of time the shutter is open for. The camera selects the aperture for you, and you may or may not fill in the blanks for ISO speed... Useful for situations where you need to capture something FAST, or if you don't think you can handhold above certain shutter speeds, e.g. sports photography. Downside is also less control.

    The above are just generalities and everyone's style is different. I know wedding photographers who prefer to use manual mode all the time despite the fact that they're in a fast paced environment with very tricky lighting situations, because these situations fool the camera meter too! I also know landscape photographers who use aperture priority because well, they just prefer it.

    What should you use? Just try la. Then you can answer the question yourself.
    Thank You for the time to elaborate these points. Your photos are awesome. Tq Tq

  16. #36

    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Aperture Priority

  17. #37
    Moderator Octarine's Avatar
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    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Quote Originally Posted by iamseanism View Post
    I'm a noobie here, forum won't letme post!
    Insert the link to the picture.
    EOS

  18. #38

    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Quote Originally Posted by Octarine View Post
    Insert the link to the picture.


    I shot this with OM-D + Pana 7-14mm. Settings were at 7mm, 60sec, f/22 & ISO200 on tripod...
    Last edited by iamseanism; 4th June 2013 at 08:57 AM.

  19. #39
    Moderator daredevil123's Avatar
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    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Quote Originally Posted by iamseanism View Post

    I shot this with OM-D + Pana 7-14mm. Settings were at 7mm, 60sec, f/22 & ISO200 on tripod...
    By using F22, the picture will lose a lot of sharpness due to diffraction...

    You should read up on these articles...
    Diffraction: When Smaller Apertures No Longer Mean Sharper Pictures - Photo Tips @ Earthbound Light
    Understanding Lens Diffraction

  20. #40
    Moderator Octarine's Avatar
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    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Quote Originally Posted by iamseanism View Post
    I shot this with OM-D + Pana 7-14mm. Settings were at 7mm, 60sec, f/22 & ISO200 on tripod...
    Beside the diffraction, where have you focused at? The hotel in the right appears sharper than the cathedral.
    EOS

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