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Thread: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

  1. #1

    Default In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Hi Photogs..of coz Noob here, asking questions I do not understand. Here we go:-

    1) Started shooting since March 2013, totally no idea. Bought an OM-D + Kit Lens 12-50mm, Oly 45mm & Sigma 19mm + Manfrotto tripod. Been renting other lens to explore around with.

    2) Self-learning thru Youtube & Google. A loner, no Kaki!

    3) I don't really have a style of my own, i'd like to explore - Street, Potrait, B&W, Long exposure, Landscape, Architecture etc.

    4) Here's my Flikr iamseanism's photosets on Flickr

    5) Q - I have no idea when & how to use Apeture & Shutter Speed settings, always trial & error. Results - Mostly UNSHARP ...long exposure for 30sec, is the Apeture always auto to the max?

    6) Sometimes I'll overblow some shots or it's either too dark

    7) Really need some piece of advise

    Appreciate some help here. THANK YOU

  2. #2

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    Have you read your manual? Read through the newbies guide to photography sticky we have here in CS? It will answer what aperture and shutter speed do, etc. Once you understand what they do, you will be able to apply this to your photography.
    Alpha

  3. #3
    Moderator catchlights's Avatar
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    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    [moderator mode off]

    A mode: for Artistic

    S mode: for Sweet or "Sui" (pretty, nice in hockkian)

    M mode: for Master

    P mode: for Professional

    Green mode: Green light aka Anything goes aka Party Mode

    [moderator mode on]







    political correct answer: it is written in your camera user manual.


    advance reading: Understand Exposure by Bryan Peterson,

    Shoot to Live, Live to Shoot
    www.benjaminloo.com | iStock portfolio

  4. #4
    Moderator catchlights's Avatar
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    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    for people don't like reading or have difficultly in reading...


    Shoot to Live, Live to Shoot
    www.benjaminloo.com | iStock portfolio

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    Moderator catchlights's Avatar
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    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Shoot to Live, Live to Shoot
    www.benjaminloo.com | iStock portfolio

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    Moderator Octarine's Avatar
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    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    What results would you expect from a person completely unfamiliar with cooking when placed into a kitchen? That's exactly your situation. Learn the basics so that you understand what the camera is doing. Trial and error is ok, but won't bring you really far because it needs baseline knowledge to analyse your trials and the resulting errors.
    Check the newbie guide here, we ave them for a reason.
    EOS

  7. #7

    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    hey peeps, have u even looked at TS's flickr, i don't think he needs a newbie guide...

    To TS - i think u have nice works on your flickr... can't really understand why u need to ask the Q?

  8. #8

    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Quote Originally Posted by trd2970 View Post
    hey peeps, have u even looked at TS's flickr, i don't think he needs a newbie guide...

    To TS - i think u have nice works on your flickr... can't really understand why u need to ask the Q?
    Maybe he prefers to know what he's doing instead of relying on luck.
    Alpha

  9. #9

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    Quote Originally Posted by Rashkae View Post

    Maybe he prefers to know what he's doing instead of relying on luck.
    Exactly!!!

    I think I suck at shutter below 1"...any shot handheld, I'd guess I just need more practice or should I attend courses?
    Last edited by iamseanism; 3rd June 2013 at 01:03 AM.

  10. #10

    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Quote Originally Posted by Rashkae View Post
    Maybe he prefers to know what he's doing instead of relying on luck.
    well, doesn't matter, as long as the shots are there

  11. #11

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    Quote Originally Posted by iamseanism View Post

    Exactly!!!

    I think I suck at shutter below 1"...any shot handheld, I'd guess I just need more practice or should I attend courses?
    You should use a tripod.
    Alpha

  12. #12

    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Quote Originally Posted by iamseanism View Post
    Exactly!!!

    I think I suck at shutter below 1"...any shot handheld, I'd guess I just need more practice or should I attend courses?
    Longer than 1 second.?
    erm. Then a question for u. Why would u want to handheld. Use a tripod or any other forms of supports. They are there for a reason.

  13. #13

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    Quote Originally Posted by TWmilkteaTW View Post

    Longer than 1 second.?
    erm. Then a question for u. Why would u want to handheld. Use a tripod or any other forms of supports. They are there for a reason.
    I mentioned below a second... Like 1/60th, 1/125th, 1/500th.. These settings I don't know when to use them! Long exposure.. Yes, I'd use tripod

  14. #14
    Moderator rhino123's Avatar
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    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Quote Originally Posted by iamseanism View Post
    I mentioned below a second... Like 1/60th, 1/125th, 1/500th.. These settings I don't know when to use them! Long exposure.. Yes, I'd use tripod
    Bro... one word of advise... go on an outing organised here in CS. That way you would learn alot more... because there are quite a number of old birds normally in these outings and they could give you tips and answer your questions while you and them are in a very relaxing atmosphere.

    It is not that we do not want to teach you here and now... but it can be quite difficult (at least for me) and sometime what I write (I myself don't understand when read thru again). So if you are out on field with your camera, then it is easier to tell you what is what. So hope to see you in some of the outings
    I am not a photographer, just someone who happened to have a couple of cameras.
    My lousy shots

  15. #15

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    Quote Originally Posted by rhino123 View Post

    Bro... one word of advise... go on an outing organised here in CS. That way you would learn alot more... because there are quite a number of old birds normally in these outings and they could give you tips and answer your questions while you and them are in a very relaxing atmosphere.

    It is not that we do not want to teach you here and now... but it can be quite difficult (at least for me) and sometime what I write (I myself don't understand when read thru again). So if you are out on field with your camera, then it is easier to tell you what is what. So hope to see you in some of the outings
    Yes I understand. Looking forward to an outing. Thank You EVERYONE who replied! : )

  16. #16

    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    maybe u can try and play around with ur settings when shooting a stationary object..that way..who knows..u might know something....

    'ohh..by using this..i get this shot..i see..i see...now lets try this...ohh..too bright....okok..'

    know...try and see the results..from there..look for answers why doing this..can get that kind of result..(too bright..too dark...)

    also if ur into shooting zoo animals..check out other users works around here..most likely they will share with u what settings they use...use of tripod anot...then take note of it...when the next round u go again...try it..

    well thats how i practice..besides reading from forums..watch videos...see other's pple works...practice again...how these settings works for u...blah blah..

  17. #17

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    Quote Originally Posted by Hinata76 View Post
    maybe u can try and play around with ur settings when shooting a stationary object..that way..who knows..u might know something....

    'ohh..by using this..i get this shot..i see..i see...now lets try this...ohh..too bright....okok..'

    know...try and see the results..from there..look for answers why doing this..can get that kind of result..(too bright..too dark...)

    also if ur into shooting zoo animals..check out other users works around here..most likely they will share with u what settings they use...use of tripod anot...then take note of it...when the next round u go again...try it..

    well thats how i practice..besides reading from forums..watch videos...see other's pple works...practice again...how these settings works for u...blah blah..
    That's what I've been doing the past 4 months.. I'm exploring all sorts of photography. Although I'm not really getting it right but I'd LOVE every moment of it. Thank you for the advice

  18. #18
    Moderator Octarine's Avatar
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    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Quote Originally Posted by iamseanism View Post
    I mentioned below a second... Like 1/60th, 1/125th, 1/500th.. These settings I don't know when to use them! Long exposure.. Yes, I'd use tripod
    Many of your shots would normally taken A mode (daylight) or M (night shots). In A mode the camera will set the shutter speed after you selected the aperture. The newbie guide gives a rule of thumb up to which speed a normal person is able to produce handshake-free images:
    shutter speed = 1/focal length (some people add the crop factor here as well)
    If the resulting shutter speed is lower then it calls for a tripod.
    But then again: where does the shutter speed come from? Three parameters: the light of the scene, ISO, selected aperture (which you do in A mode) - and the selected metering mode (average/matrix, center, spot). All this is explained in the newbies guide and the book catchlights has posted. Take your time reading it to understand what all this means.
    EOS

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    Moderator daredevil123's Avatar
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    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Quote Originally Posted by iamseanism View Post
    Exactly!!!

    I think I suck at shutter below 1"...any shot handheld, I'd guess I just need more practice or should I attend courses?
    When handholding just try to maintain 1/focal length for shutter speed.

    Instead of practicing with no understanding, I would suggest you read up more or attend some courses to learn the basics, and then practicing with the correct knowledge.

  20. #20

    Default Re: In which mode should I use? A, M, P, S?

    Start with "A" or "Av"..
    It means u control the aperture, the camera will automatically set the shutter speed to achieve "perfect" exposure

    For "S", that means u control the shutter and the camera will automatically set the aperture to achieve "perfect" exposure

    For "M" mode, means u control both the shutter and aperture and the camera will tell u by the exposure meter bar [ inside viewfinder ] if the exposure is perfect..

    For "P" mode.... u try out the above modes and u will see what happens in P...

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