Page 2 of 2 FirstFirst 12
Results 21 to 33 of 33

Thread: Exercise Wallaby

  1. #21

    Default Re: Exercise Wallaby

    Quote Originally Posted by ahsamhui View Post
    So much information. Thk u guys. Just wonder who going Thunder Warrior next yr? Tips to share?
    the country is free of all snakes, no poisonous insects nothing to kill anyone.its a damn safe place......folks going there must be luckiest people on aircon..great cheap food...makes oz look like an expensive hell on earth even.

    well if u are passing by auckland ,u can visit the war museum there which houses hundreds of mp40 maschinepistol,heavy machineguns,samurai swords,japanese captured zero fighter and all those ww1 and ww2 weapons in glass case displays.the museum is next to the Domain which is an empty huge field where the treaty of waitangi was signed between british army and the maori rebels who refused to surrender nz to the is in district called Grafton.just be careful or karanghape road which is known for criminals and dangerous big sized people who will step and flatten yer feet.

    one thing i hate are the roads!people seem to be speeding at 100km/hr everywhere.thats the most dangerous thing unfortunately.
    Last edited by Submarine3; 29th September 2012 at 05:35 PM.

  2. #22

    Default Re: Exercise Wallaby

    Submarine U a military expert in the SAF?

  3. #23

    Default Re: Exercise Wallaby

    Tips for EX Thunder Warrior? Bring your camera

  4. #24

    Default Re: Exercise Wallaby

    im a sexpert.
    Last edited by Submarine3; 30th September 2012 at 08:28 AM.

  5. #25

    Default Re: Exercise Wallaby

    I know and u fire live rounds

  6. #26

    Default Re: Exercise Wallaby

    orders are orders.

  7. #27

    Default Re: Exercise Wallaby

    easier to solve things this way without problems with the law.

  8. #28

    Default Re: Exercise Wallaby

    Was once highly classified.

  9. #29

    Default Re: Exercise Wallaby

    i went to wallaby last year. i regreted not knowing about long exposure, stars photography, HDR, time lapse before i went there. it was my last reservist i was only a tonner driver not much responsibilities, just need to drive the lorlee around

    wish i knew and learnt about long exposure, stars photography, HDR, time lapse.....if not i would have brought along the camera and tripod.....

    it was such a good place to take stars photography, then timelapse it.......the place so dark, the stars so bright so many.......

  10. #30
    Senior Member xtemujin's Avatar
    Join Date
    Apr 2005
    Singapura, Singapore

    Default Re: Exercise Wallaby

    PM Lee will be visiting the troops at SWBTA.

  11. #31

    Default Re: Exercise Wallaby

    will your soldiers be ready if it snows out of the blue?

  12. #32

    Default Re: Exercise Wallaby

    ClassificationThere are several classifications for tissue damage caused by extreme cold including:

    Frostnip is a superficial cooling of tissues without cellular destruction.[1]
    Chilblains are superficial ulcers of the skin that occur when a predisposed individual is repeatedly exposed to cold
    Frostbite involves tissue destruction.
    [edit] Signs and symptomsAt or below 0 C (32 F), blood vessels close to the skin start to constrict, and blood is shunted away from the extremities via the action of glomus bodies. The same response may also be a result of exposure to high winds. This constriction helps to preserve core body temperature. In extreme cold, or when the body is exposed to cold for long periods, this protective strategy can reduce blood flow in some areas of the body to dangerously low levels. This lack of blood leads to the eventual freezing and death of skin tissue in the affected areas. There are four degrees of frostbite. Each of these degrees has varying degrees of pain.[2]

    [edit] First degreeThis is called frostnip and this only affects the surface skin, which is frozen. On the onset, there is itching and pain, and then the skin develops white, red, and yellow patches and becomes numb. The area affected by frostnip usually does not become permanently damaged as only the skin's top layers are affected. Long-term insensitivity to both heat and cold can sometimes happen after suffering from frostnip.

    [edit] Second degreeIf freezing continues, the skin may freeze and harden, but the deep tissues are not affected and remain soft and normal. Second-degree injury usually blisters 12 days after becoming frozen. The blisters may become hard and blackened, but usually appear worse than they are. Most of the injuries heal in one month, but the area may become permanently insensitive to both heat and cold.

    [edit] Third and fourth degrees
    Frostbite 12 days laterIf the area freezes further, deep frostbite occurs. The muscles, tendons, blood vessels, and nerves all freeze. The skin is hard, feels waxy, and use of the area is lost temporarily, and in severe cases, permanently. The deep frostbite results in areas of purplish blisters which turn black and which are generally blood-filled. Nerve damage in the area can result in a loss of feeling. This extreme frostbite may result in fingers and toes being amputated if the area becomes infected with gangrene. If the frostbite has gone on untreated, they may fall off. The extent of the damage done to the area by the freezing process of the frostbite may take several months to assess, and this often delays surgery to remove the dead tissue.[3]

    [edit] CausesInadequate blood circulation when the ambient temperature is below freezing leads to frostbite. This can be because the body is constricting circulation to extremities on its own to preserve core temperature and fight hypothermia. In this scenario the same factors than can lead to hypothermia (extreme cold, inadequate clothing, wet clothes, wind chill) can contribute to frostbite. Or poor circulation can be due to other factors such as tight clothing or boots, cramped positions, fatigue, certain medications, smoking, alcohol use, or diseases that affect the blood vessels, such as diabetes.[4]

    Exposure to liquid nitrogen and other cryogenic liquids can cause frostbite as well as prolonged contact with Aerosol Sprays (see deodorant burn).

    [edit] Risk factorsRisk factors for frostbite include using beta-blockers and having conditions such as diabetes and peripheral neuropathy.

    [edit] TreatmentDo not make affected area (skin) touch any cold or hot objects. Keep affected area warm. Treatment of frostbite centers on rewarming (and possibly thawing) of the affected tissue. The decision to thaw is based on proximity to a stable, warm environment. If rewarmed tissue ends up refreezing, more damage to tissue will be done. Excessive movement of frostbitten tissue can cause ice crystals that have formed in the tissue to do further damage. Splinting and/or wrapping frostbitten extremities are therefore recommended to prevent such movement. For this reason, rubbing, massaging, shaking, or otherwise applying physical force to frostbitten tissues in an attempt to rewarm them can be harmful.[5]

    Caution should be taken not to rapidly warm up the affected area until further refreezing is prevented. Warming can be achieved in one of two ways:

    Passive rewarming[6] involves using body heat or ambient room temperature to aid the person's body in rewarming itself. This includes wrapping in blankets or moving to a warmer environment.[7]

    Active rewarming is the direct addition of heat to a person, usually in addition to the treatments included in passive rewarming.[6] Active rewarming requires more equipment and therefore may be difficult to perform in the prehospital environment.[5] When performed, active rewarming seeks to warm the injured tissue as quickly as possible without burning them. This is desirable as the faster tissue is thawed, the less tissue damage occurs.[5] Active rewarming is usually achieved by immersing the injured tissue in a water-bath that is held between 40-42C (104-108F). Warming of peripheral tissues can increase blood flow from these areas back to the bodies' core. This may produce a decrease in the bodies' core temperature and increase the risk of cardiac dysrhythmias.[8]

    [edit] SurgeryDebridement and/or amputation of necrotic tissue is usually delayed. This has led to the adage "Frozen in January, amputate in July"[9] with exceptions only being made for signs of infections or gas gangrene.[10]

    [edit] Prognosis
    3 weeks after initial frostbiteA number of long term sequelae can occur after frostbite. These include: transient or permanent changes in sensation, paresthesia, increased sweating, cancers, and bone destruction/arthritis in the area affected.[11]

    [edit] ResearchEvidence is insufficient to determine whether or not hyperbaric oxygen therapy as an adjunctive treatment can assist in tissue salvage.[12] There have been case reports but few actual research studies to show the effectiveness.[13][14][15][16][17]

    Medical sympathectomy using intravenous reserpine has also been attempted with limited success.[11]

    While extreme weather conditions (cold and wind) increase the risk of frostbite it appears that certain individuals and population groups appear more resistant to milder forms of frostbite, perhaps due to longer term exposure and adaptation to cold weather environments. The "Hunter's Response" or Axon reflex are examples of this type of adaptation.

  13. #33

    Default Re: Exercise Wallaby

    Most money went to the cheap beer for myself. 1 buck per can if i remember correctly.
    Remember to bring those external charger or chargers that uses batteries to recharge your phone if you are going outfield type. Electricity is not easy to come by and everyone eyeing those outlets.

Page 2 of 2 FirstFirst 12


Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts